UCL Health Humanities Centre / Institute of Advanced Studies

Towards Transcultural Histories of Psychotherapies

A One day International Conference 

15 October 2016
Suspended between science, medicine, religion, art and philosophy, the advent of modern psychotherapies represents one of the distinctive features of 20th-century Western societies, and they are increasing being exported to the rest of the world. However, their historical study glaringly lags behind their societal impact and the role they play in contemporary mental health policies. In recent years, a small but significant body of work has arisen studying histories of psychotherapies in discrete local contexts throughout the world, which is expanding and reframing our knowledge of them. However, little has been done to draw this work together within a comparative setting, and to chart the intersection of these connected histories and transcultural networks of exchange of knowledge and healing practices. This conference takes up these questions, through drawing together scholars working on histories of psychotherapies in Brazil, Europe, Japan, the UK and the US.
10.30- 11.00am registration/coffee
11.00-11.15am Professor Sonu Shamdasani (chair) (UCL) Introduction
11.15-12.00pm Dr. Gavin Miller (University of Glasgow) Miracles of Healing: Scottish Psychotherapy 
12.00-12.45pm Dr. Rachael Rosner (Independent Scholar, Boston, USA) Charting Virtues in Philadelphia: The Enlightenment Journey of Aaron T. Beck’s Cognitive Therapy
12.45-2.15pm lunch
2.15-3.00pm Professor Cristiana Facchinetti (Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) Civilizing the Brazilian People through Psychotherapeutics: the case of the Brazilian League of Mental Hygiene (1921-1945)
3.00-3.45pm Dr. Sarah Marks (Birkbeck College) Therapeutic dissidence? Legacies of psychoanalysis and phenomenology in Cold War Czechoslovakia
3.45-4.15pm tea
4.15-5.00pm Professor Akihito Suzuki (Keio University, Tokyo, Japan) Family, Hospital and Psychotherapies: Cases from Tokyo in the Early Twentieth Century 
5.00-5.45pm Dr. Christopher Harding (University of Glasgow) Buddhism, Christianity, and Psychotherapy: A Three-Way Conversation in the Mid-Twentieth Century
Sponsored by the UCL Global Engagement Office
Location: Institute of Advanced Studies, Common Ground, Ground Floor, South Wing, Wilkins Building, UCL, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT.

Register at http://ucltranshistpsych.eventbrite.co.uk

Tickets: £30; Registered Students (bring proof of ID) £20; UCL staff/student (with UCL ID) free.

UCL Health Humanities Centre/Institute of Advanced Studies

See below for details of 2 upcoming events (29th Feb and 7th March)

 

UCL/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series

 

 

Monday 29 February 2016

 

Matei Iagher (UCL)

 

Psychology and the quest for a science of religion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

 

Towards the end of the nineteenth century, a new intellectual discipline emerged in academic departments in the United States and Western Europe: the psychology of religion. Championed by figures like William James, Théodore Flournoy, Pierre Janet, and later C.G. Jung, the psychology of religion claimed to offer a novel science of religion, based on an equally new revalorization of individual religious experience. The psychology of religion drew on the affective definition of religion propounded by Friedrich Schleiermacher in the earlier part of the nineteenth century and placed itself in continuity (and sometimes in opposition) with projects to found a science of religion, which were drawn up by scholars like Max Müller or C. P. Tiele in the Victorian period. This paper will offer a brief overview of some of the key points of the psychology of religion, as it was practiced in the United States, France and Switzerland, and will place the movement within the context of wider debates about the nature and function of the science(s) of religion(s) at the turn of the century.

 

 

Monday7 March 2016

 

Dr. David Lederer (Maynooth University, Ireland/Queen Mary University of London)

 

‘A Demonological Neurosis’?: Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Demonic Possession in Freud’s analysis of Haizmann

 

In 1923, Freud published an illustrated tract entitled ‘A Demonological Neurosis in the 17th Century’, in which he applied the tools of psychoanalysis to the autobiography of the Bavarian painter, Johann Christoph Haizmann. Freud’s analysis arose from a request by the Director of the Fideikomiss Library in Vienna to provide an expert opinion on the matter. Through a method known as ‘retrospective medicine’, Freud explained the painter’s possession as a consequence of his relationship to his father – a diagnosis not dissimilar to his more famous account of Daniel Schreber. However, the influence of demonology upon his nascent profession ran far deeper than this chance encounter with one historic case, revealing certain continuities which consequently call the value of retrospective medicine into question and raise interesting questions about the historical development of the modern psychiatric profession.

 

 

Organiser: Professor Sonu Shamdasani (UCL)

 

Time: 6pm to 7.30 pm.

 

Location: Arts and Humanities Common Room (G24), Foster Court, Malet Place, University College London.

 

From the Torrington Place entrance to UCL, enter the campus on Malet Place. After fifty metres, you will find Foser court on the right hand side. Turn right under the underpass, and enter via the second door on the right. The common room is straight ahead.

 

UCL/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series

UCL/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series
UCL Health Humanities Centre/Institute of Advanced Studies

 

Monday 15 February 2016

 

Dr. Shaul Bar-Heim (Birbeck)

 

‘The apostolic function’: Michael Balint and the postwar GP

 

What started in the early 1950s as a small informal peer-group of GPs, based in the Tavistock Clinic, became by the 1960s one of the most influential medical movements of the postwar era: the Balint movement. Named after the British-Hungarian psychoanalyst, Michael Balint, the theoretical assumption behind Balint Groups was that many doctors – and especially family doctors – do not know yet how to use one of the most important medical tools, namely, what Balint described as the ‘drug doctor.’. This was particularly true, he believed, in psychosomatic illnesses and medical cases with a clear psychosocial nature.

 

This paper will contextualize the emergence of the Balint movement within the heyday of welfarist ideology, where GPs were encouraged to take a parental role in running the emotional economy of domestic lives in their communities. Thus, patients and doctors were invited to adopt a psychoanalytical language which focuses on internal feelings, emotions, and unconscious behavior of the individual. At the same time, however, a new kind of medical authority emerged – one which played a crucial role as a social and ethical guidance in the postwar British welfare society.

 

 

Organiser: Professor Sonu Shamdasani (UCL)

 

Time: 6pm to 7.30 pm.

 

Location: Arts and Humanities Common Room (G24), Foster Court, Malet Place, University College London.

 

From the Torrington Place entrance to UCL, enter the campus on Malet Place. After fifty metres, you will find Foser court on the right hand side. Turn right under the underpass, and enter via the second door on the right. The common room is straight ahead.

 

UCL/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series…… Monday 1 February 2016 Dr. Irina Sirotkina (Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Moscow) Kinaesthesia and the Avant-garde 

With a project as much anthropological as artistic, the re-creation of the human being and the renewal of human feelings, the avant-garde could not and did not ignore kinaesthesia. Filipo Marinetti conceived of a new art of touch — ‘tactilism’; with the futurist artist Benedetta Cappa, he created palpable ‘tables for the travelling hand.’ Avant-garde artists reassessed the ideas of theosophy and anthroposophy about ‘higher sensitivity’ — an unmediated access through feelings to the other, higher world. Vassily Kandinsky wrote on ‘fine sensitivity’ as a direct perception of ‘abstraction’ and on ‘abstract motion’ and dance, and Mikhail Matiushin experimented with ‘enlarged vision’ which included kinaesthesia and other feelings.Many of the avant-garde artists were athletic and adroit, danced, played in theatre and cinema, fought and engaged in sport. They were eager to use kinaesthesia as a creative resource: Vladimir Mayakovsky, for example, insisted on composing verses in motion.

 

The avant-garde stressed practical ‘know how,’ the skill, the art of doing, in opposition to theoretical ‘knowing what.’ For making such knowledge, kinaesthesia is indispensable. In Russia, the post-Revolutionary cult of labour, the production art (proizvodstvennoe iskusstvo) and constructivism facilitated the growth of such knowledge, an alternative to academic forms. Yet it was initiated earlier, by the Russian Formalists, who adored dance, sport, theatre and the circus. By questioning the traditional hierarchy in which practice is inferior to theory, the avant-garde artists contemplated a “kinaesthetic turn” in the humanities. A century later, on the way to legitimating this new kind of knowledge, the avant-garde artists are still in the avant-garde.

 

 

 

Organiser: Professor Sonu Shamdasani (UCL)

 

Time: 6pm to 7.30 pm.

 

Location: Arts and Humanities Common Room (G24), Foster Court, Malet Place, University College London.

 

From the Torrington Place entrance to UCL, enter the campus on Malet Place. After fifty metres, you will find Foser court on the right hand side. Turn right under the underpass, and enter via the second door on the right. The common room is straight ahead.

 

UCL/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series Monday 25 January 2016 Professor Hilary Marland (University of Warwick) Disordered in morals and mind: prisoners and mental illness late nineteenth-century England

From the early nineteenth century to the current day reformers, policy makers, prison governors and medical officers have grappled with relentlessly high levels of mental illness in prisons. Since the creation of ‘modern’ and specialised prisons and prison regimes, prison regimes and conditions – the separate system, solitary confinement and overcrowding – were criticised for their impact on the mental wellbeing of their inmates. This paper explores the management of mentally ill prisoners in the late nineteenth century, paying particular attention to Liverpool Borough Prison. Managing mentally ill prisoners – male and female – became a significant part of the prison surgeons’ workload and a drain on the prison’s resources. Drawing on underexploited prison archives, official papers, medical literature, and asylum casebooks, this paper examines the efforts of prison officers to cope with mental illness among prison populations, and how these drew on, reflected and reinforced late nineteenth-century preoccupations with the criminal mind. 

Organiser: Professor Sonu Shamdasani (UCL)

 

Time: 6pm to 7.30 pm.

 

Location: Arts and Humanities Common Room (G24), Foster Court, Malet Place, University College London.

 

From the Torrington Place entrance to UCL, enter the campus on Malet Place. After fifty metres, you will find Foser court on the right hand side. Turn right under the underpass, and enter via the second door on the right. The common room is straight ahead.

 

UCL Health Humanities Centre/British Psychological Society History of the Psychological Disciplines Seminar Series

Thursday 29 October 2015
Dr. Matthew Smith (University of Strathclyde)
Getting on in Gotham: Preventing Mental Illness in New York City, 1945-1980

 

In 1962, the authors of the Mental Health in the Metropolis: The Midtown Manhattan Project made a startling claim: fewer than 1 in 5 (18.5%) Manhattanites were in good mental health. Although a third of the population was believed to suffer only from mild symptoms, a quarter were believed to be incapacitated by their mental health problems. Such figures merely underlined the argument made by many American psychiatrists following the Second World War: that mental illness was rife in American society and that the only way to stop its spread was to undertake preventive action. Responding positively to this rhetoric was President Kennedy who a year later passed the Community Mental Health Act, which had prevention at its core. By 1980, however, preventive psychiatry was on the wane, to be eclipsed by psychopharmacology. This paper examines how preventive approaches to mental illness were conceptualised and introduced in New York City, paying particular attention to the perceived relationship between the urban environment and mental health.
Organiser: Professor Sonu Shamdasani (UCL)
Time: 6.15pm to 7.45 pm (note different time).

Location: (note different location): Seminar Room 11, Institute of Advanced Studies, 1st Floor, South Wing, Wilkins Building, University College London, Gower Street. 
Directions: From the front gates to the main UCL campus Gower Street, head diagonally across the quad and enter. Turn right, and go up the stairs or lift to the first floor. Take the corridor to the left. Room 11 is on the right hand side.

Bloomsbury and Psychoanalysis at UCL, 12th September 2015

UCL Health Humanities Centre and Seikei University present a one-day conference:

Conversations between Bloomsbury & Psychoanalysis: Mutual Influence or Incomprehension

Featuring Sally Alexander (Goldsmiths College), Fuhito Endo (Seikei University), Dee McQuillan (UCL), Kunio Shin (Tsuda College Tokyo), Helen Tyson (QMUL).

11.30am-5.30pm, 12th September, Room 103, 51 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PN.

For further details see:

Bloomsbury and psychoanalysis conference

Register at Eventbrite

Supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science